Mini Gentoo installation log
This article is more of a note to self. Would help me install Gentoo a little bit faster whenever I choose to do that again (not anytime soon :) ). More probably, I’ll use this as a reference to remember what’s in my system etc.
And what about you? So I’ve often had to tell people how to do stuff. I like to keep all my instructions online. Saves time ;) . Feel free to refer to this in case you plan to jump on the Gentoo ship.
NOTE: This article is not meant as a replacement for the awesome Gentoo wiki. Infact this is a super condensed version of the steps written there, and may not work for everyone. But would certainly help if you’re having some trouble getting something to work (for example: the bootloader).
- Make bootable with dd command.
- Ping internet
parted -a optimal /dev/sda
- unit mib
- Exact same steps as on [https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Handbook:AMD64/Installation/Disks]
- Created swap space of 9.5 GB
- Mounted into directories.
- Downloaded tar.gz from iitk mirror.
- Unpacked it.
- Wrote all my USE flags (copied from laptop. See section on other notes)
- Mounted all proc,sys,dev etc as written on Gentoo Wiki.
- Did chroot and sourced etc/profile
- Selected plain systemd profile
- Symlinked: ln -sf /proc/self/mounts /etc/mtab
- Set root password
- echo “Asia/Kolkata” > /etc/timezone
- emerge –config sys-libs/timezone-data
- Added locales in /etc/locale.gen
- Set locale to en_US.utf8 using eselect
- Installing vim
- emerge gentoo-sources
- Did genkernel for now.
- genkernel –menuconfig all to add inkernel support for ext4
- Required kernel parameters: root=/dev/sda4, rootfstype=ext4
- Realized that I should’ve let my boot partition be ext2
- Did that. Recreated the boot partition and regenerated the kernel.
- Realized I should’ve just made a backup of the previous build of the kernel.
- Edited /etc/fstab file and mounted root with noatime
- Set root passwd
- emerged linux-firmware
- emerged net-misc/netifrc
- Removed udev
- Installed systemd
- Did emerge -avDN @world
- Enabled systemd-networkd service using systemd
- Installed ssh, dhcpcd
- Installed eix to be able to query packages
- EDITOR=vim visudo and give myself permissions
- Installed grub and os-prober
- BIOS: grub2-install /dev/sda
- Set this line in /etc/default/grub:
- grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
- DIDN’T WORK!!
- Change of plans, go with UEFI.
- Used my Arch bootable (which had a dual, UEFI and Legacy boot) to boot into a UEFI environment which had the EFI variables. Gentoo bootable wasn’t UEFI for some reason.
- Did the regular gentoo liveUSB style chroot into my gentoo installation.
- Add entry in make.conf to install efivars:
GRUB_PLATFORMS="efi-64 efi-32 pc emu"
- Mount /dev/sda2 to /boot
- Mount /dev/sda1 to /boot/efi and format it as vfat
- Now do the grub UEFI install steps
- Enable systemd-networkd on boot
- Installed x11-base/xorg-x11
- Installed ghc and xmonad
- Installed i3 and dmenu
- Copied xinitrc from /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc to ~/.xinitrc
- Startx runs i3 (added exec i3 to .xinitrc)!
- Installed pulseaudio (fixed unmet use flags)
- rxvt-unicode and urxvt-perls
- Emacs and started its daemon to download packages
- Vim and installed neobundle and vim-plug, followed by installation of my vim packages
- zsh fortune-mod cowsay
- setxkbmap and xmodmap for keyboard layouts
- arandr and xrandr
- unrar, pcmanfm
- gentoolkit, genlop
Set up ssh key
ssh-keygen -t rsa -C -b 4096 "your_email"
- Set strong password
eval "$(ssh-agent -s)"
- Preferably add this to your xinitrc as follows:
exec ssh-agent i3(or whatever DE you use)
- Installed ghc and xmonad
sudo layman -a haskell
- Installed taffybar
- Installed taffybar again
- Installed ghc-mod (hell) using:
emerge -av --oneshot --keep-going ghc-mod --backtrack=30
- Failed. Did haskell-updater
- Installed virtualbox-bin
Here are my USE flags:
USE="bindist mmx sse sse2 udisks systemd X acl alsa gtk bindist mp3 mp4 unicode jpg xft 256-color unicode3 fading-colors jpeg bluetooth science truetype mtp png xvmc imagemagick libass fontconfig pulseaudio x264 gd gtk3 dbus"